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Demographics: Women and Children

This set of data examines the size of a country’s population and how it got that way. The data I have chosen here emphasize the conditions for women and children.

country sex
ratio
birth
rate
life
ex
< 5 tp mat pd
ml
pl moth cl div gen = wip
Malaysia  1.03  20  75  16 14  41 2 0  36  n/a  n/a 58  10 Malaysia
Vietnam  1.00  16  73  25 27  130 4-5  0 34 8 0.2 71  26 Vietnam
China 1.06 12 75 19 8 56 98
days
 0 18 1 1.8 69 21 China
India 1.08 21 67 63 86 540 3  0 75 8 0.01 40 11 India
Thailand  0.98  13  74  20 43 44 3  0  20 4 0.5  70  13 Thailand
Indonesia 1.00 17 72 33 45 230 3  0 50 4  n/a 52 18 Indonesia
Japan  0.95  8  85  3 5  10 14
wks
 I-28 n/a 2.0  61  11 Japan
S Korea 1.00 8 81 5 2 20 3  0 5 3 2.3 54 15 S Korea
N Korea 0.94 14 70 31 n/a 67 n/a n/a n/a  n/a  n/a n/a 16 N Korea
Australia 1.01 12 82 5 44 8 18 52
wks
2 2.1  76 24 Australia
N’lands 0.98 11 81 4 11 16 4  26
wks
9 19 2.0 78 41 N’lands
U. S. 0.97 14 79 7 86 17 0 12
wks
31 18 2.8 75 17 U. S.

sex ratio

From the CIA World Factbook’s Sex Ratio. Numbers below 100 mean there are more females than males, and vice versa.

For the three data points below, you can find basic demographic information at the U.S. Census Bureau’s Information Gateway. Choose your country from the box, and click submit.

birth rate

crude birth rate – The number per 1,000 population.

life ex – life expectancy at birth

The number of years someone born today can expect to live.

< 5 – under five years old mortality rate

The number per 1,000 births who die before age 5.

tp – teenage pregnancies

UN Statistics Division, Prevalence of teenage pregnancy. The table shows the combined number of live births and abortions per 1,000 women 15–19 years old in the years 2005 – 2010.

mat – maternal mortality

The Maternal Mortality Estimates (.pdf file) developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA. Maternal mortality ratio. The number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.

ml – paid maternal leave

Wikipedia’s Parental Leave. Except where specified otherwise, the number of months at 100% pay. Australia offers 18 weeks at the National Minimum Wage. Many of the countries have much longer periods of unpaid leave, sometimes split among the parents. As you can see on the Wikipedia article, the U.S. and the Pacific Island nation of Papua New Guinea are the only two countries in the world that do not offer any paid maternity leave.

pl – unpaid leave

Wikipedia’s Parental Leave. Hardly any countries outside Western Europe have paid paternity leave and not very many more have even unpaid leave. In addition to the paid leave, Australia offers up to 52 weeks unpaid leave shared between the parents. (All leaves need to be taken before the baby’s first birthday.) In the Netherlands, parents can each take 26 unpaid weeks, though they get tax breaks if they do so. In the U.S., parents can take up to 12 weeks each of unpaid leave.

moth – mothers

Save the Children’s 20011 Mothers Index (.pdf file). The Best and Worst Places to be a Mother. Helps document conditions for mothers and children in 140 countries – 41 developed nations and 99 in the developing world – and shows where mothers fare best and where they face the greatest hardships. It has three tiers. Our table shows the rank of each country. The closer the rank is to 1, the better for mothers and children.

cl – childless

Nationmaster’s Childless women, aged 40-44. Table shows percentage of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.

div = divorce

Nationmaster’s Total divorces and Wikipedia’s Divorce Demography. The table shows the number per thousand people. Note that each divorce involves two people. This is not the number of divorced people. It’s the number of divorces.

In Malaysia,”John Emmanuel Kiat, a Statistics and Cognition tutor at the HELP University College compared divorce rates in 2002 and 2009, and noted an increase from 16,013 to 32,763 – or 105%.” (source)

gen = – gender equality

SocialWatch.org’s Gender Equality Index. The three dimensions included in the GEI are: economic activity, empowerment and education. A larger number, closer to Sweden’s 89, indicates more equality between men and women in these three dimensions.

wip – Women in politics.

Interparliamentary Union. What percentage of the legislators in your country are women? Our table shows the percentage of women in the lower or single legislature.